If there is a desire to transition a technology to the global market, then export control needs to be addressed. Export control involves multiple government agencies, and companies must be in compliance with export regulations. Within DoD, the focal point on export controls is the Defense Technology Security Administration (DTSA). The Department of State and the Department of Commerce are the lead agencies responsible for regulations governing the export of defense articles, commercial items, and dual-use items. Export authorization can be revoked, suspended, or amended by the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (DDTC) for a variety of reasons.
The two primary export regulations are the:
- International Traffic in Arms Regulation (ITAR), issued by the Department of State, which controls the export of defense-related articles and services ensuring compliance with the Arms Export Control Act (22 USC 2778).
- Export Administration Regulation (EAR), issued by the Department of Commerce, which controls the export of dual-use items (items that have both commercial and military or proliferation applications) and purely commercial items. Many items subject to the EAR are set forth by Export Control Classification Numbers on the Commerce Control List.
Additional information on the subject of export control can be found in Appendix C of the CTTSO Technology Transition Handbook.